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A Closer Look At Israel’s Iron Dome That Shield Against The Missile Threats

Iron Dome Missile System

Image Credit : Vox

The ongoing conflict between Israel and the Palestinian militant group Hamas persists, with Israel utilizing its Iron Dome missile defense system to protect its citizens. Recently, Hamas launched coordinated attacks on southern Israel, highlighting the crucial role of this short-range defense system. In response, Israel has carried out airstrikes in Gaza and is preparing for a possible ground offensive. Furthermore, a “complete siege” of the Gaza Strip has been ordered, with the goal of cutting off essential resources to its population of approximately 2.3 million people. The escalating violence has resulted in casualties on both sides, with significant losses reported.

Israel’s Iron Dome

Israel’s Iron Dome is a crucial component of their defense system, renowned for its impressive effectiveness. During one weekend surge of Gaza fighting, it intercepted 97% of incoming Palestinian rockets, highlighting its exceptional capabilities. This mobile and all-weather defense system has been operational since 2011, and its consistent upgrades ensure it can launch guided missiles to intercept and neutralize short-range threats. The Iron Dome has been extensively tested, and it’s worth has been proven in countless instances.

Rafael Advanced Defense Systems in Israel developed the Iron Dome with the support of the United States. The system is the result of combining cutting-edge technology, specialized machinery, highly trained soldiers, and expert commanders. It continues to receive funding from the United States, highlighting its strategic importance in Israel’s defense arsenal.

How Does It Work?

The Iron Dome is a missile defense system that uses radar to track incoming rockets and assess whether they threaten protected areas. If the rocket is considered a danger, the command-and-control center can launch a Tamir missile to intercept it. Rockets that are not a threat to protected areas are ignored and allowed to land harmlessly anywhere. The system’s range is 2.5 to 43 miles, and it operates via multiple batteries deployed nationwide. Each battery covers a 60-square-mile populated area, with three to four launchers equipped with each battery, and each launcher can hold up to 200 Tamir interceptors.

The Iron Dome is highly effective, but it does have limitations. Heavy rocket fire, particularly in scenarios where militants attempt to overwhelm the system via saturation attacks, launching simultaneous missile assaults from various directions, can be challenging for the system to handle. Nevertheless, the Iron Dome remains a critical part of Israel’s defense strategy, with substantial U.S. funding provided for its batteries, interceptors, co-production costs, and maintenance, ensuring its continued operation and the protection of Israeli citizens.